Insomnia Causes, Cures, and Treatments

Insomnia is a symptom of sleep disorder. These include difficulty to sleep many times, almost every night. Symptoms of insomnia is usually followed by functional impairment while awake. Insomnia is often caused by the presence of a disease or a result of psychological problems. In this case, medical and psychological assistance will be needed. One of the psychological therapies that effectively deal with insomnia is cognitive therapy. In therapy, a patient is taught to improve sleep habits and eliminate counter-productive assumptions about sleep.

Insomnia Causes, Cures, and Treatments
Many insomniacs dependent on sleeping pills and other sedative substances to be rested to be able to sleep. All sedative drugs have the potential to cause psychological dependence on a presumption that they can not sleep without the drug. It is actually not good because the patient may feel addicted.

Diagnosis of insomnia

Diagnosis is based on individual sleep needs. Patients with various diseases including delayed sleep phase syndrome, often misdiagnosed as insomnia. In fact, to diagnose insomnia, it should be an assessment of:

    * The pattern of sleep.
    * The use of drugs, alcohol, or drugs.
    * Levels of psychological stress.
    * The medical history.
    * Physical activity.

Causes of insomnia

In general, Insomnia is not a disease, but it is a phenomenon which has various causes, such as emotional disorders, physical disorders and drug use. Insomnia is common, both in young and elderly, and often occur in conjunction with emotional disorders like anxiety, restlessness, depression or fear. Sometimes a person have trouble sleeping simply because the body and brain is not tired.

Increasing age, time for sleep is reduced. Stages of sleep also change, in which stage 4 becomes shorter and eventually disappear, and at all stages more awake. These changes, although normal, often making older people think that they are not getting enough sleep. Pattern in the early morning wake up more often found in old age. Some people fall asleep normally but wake up several hours later and it is difficult to fall asleep again.

Sometimes they sleep in a state of restless sleep and feeling unsatisfied. Built in the early morning, at any age, this is a sign of depression. The person may experience disrupted sleep patterns are reversed sleep rhythm, they are not asleep at bedtime and wake up at bedtime. This often occurs as a result of:

    * Miss happenings in life the which resulted in tension.
    * Retraction from drugs, alcohol, sedatives etc.
    * Uncontrollable bodily symptoms like pain, fever, breathing problems etc.
    * Immoderate or nasty sounds.
    * Constant shifts in work or work load.
    * Inconvenient room temperature
    * A long term mental disorder.
    * Obsession
    * Shift of hormones.
    * Excessive use of alcohol.
    * Side effects of drugs (sometimes).
    * Jet lag (especially if traveling from east to west). bhahahahahaaha
    * Working at night.
    * Frequently changing work hours.
    * Damage to the brain (due to encephalitis, stroke, Alzheimer's disease).

Symptoms of Insomnia

    * Daytime tiredness or sleepiness irascibility.
    * Poor concentration and difficulty in paying attention.
    * Continuous Trouble in Mind at sleeping time.
    * Difficulty in falling asleep at night.
    * Difficulty in memory

Treatment of insomnia

Treatment of insomnia depends on the cause and severity of insomnia. Elderly people who experience sleep changes as we age, it usually does not require treatment, because these changes are normal. People with insomnia should remain calm and relaxed few hours before bedtime and create a comfortable atmosphere in the bedroom; light dim and not noisy.

If the cause is emotional stress, then this should be given drugs to reduce stress. If the cause is depression, then this should be given anti-depressants. If the sleep disturbance associated with normal activity the patient and the patient was healthy, then this should be given sleeping pills for a while. Another alternative to treat insomnia without drugs are the therapeutic hypnosis or hypnotherapy.

Duration of Sleep and Death

A survey of 1.1 million people in America conducted by the American Cancer Society found that those who reported sleeping about 7 hours each night have the lowest death rate, while those who slept less than 6 hours or more than 8 hours, then they have higher mortality rates. Sleep for 8.5 hours or more each night may increase mortality by 15%. Chronic insomnia - sleep less than 3.5 hours (women) and 4.5 hours (men) may also cause an increase of 15% mortality rate. After controlling for sleep duration and insomnia, use of sleeping pills are also associated with increased mortality.