Insomnia Therapy .. part 2

Medicine and Non-medinice Therapy for Insomnia
The principle of treatment of sleep disorders other than to explain, make sure and give advice also optimize. pattern healthy sleep insomnia therapy can be done using medicie or non medice.
These therapies can be:
1. Pharmacotherapy
Ø sedative hypnotic drugs
The goal of treatment with hypnotic drugs is not only to improve the quality and duration of sleep, but also to increase the degree of alertness in the afternoon and to eliminate the hyperarousal state. Unfortunately, many doses of hypnotic drugs are needed to improve the quality of sleep at night also causes sedation during the day. To avoid these complications, short-acting benzodiazepines may be used. Long-acting hypnotic drugs can interfere with psychomotor qualities that can lead to accidents associated with motor vehicle Therapy with sedative hypnotic drugs should be started with small doses and for maintenancenya using the effective dose is the smallest. Effect of tolerance occurs in the use of most hypnotic drugs, because the use of these drugs should not be more than a month. . Rebound insomnia can occur if the drug is abruptly discontinued. To avoid this effect, used drugs with small doses and tappering off.
Prescription Drugs Sedatives-hypnotics GroupExample: benzodiazepines (diazepam, lorazepam, triazolam, Klordiazepoksid)Side effects:* Inkoordinsi motor, mental and psychomotor dysfunction, impaired coordination of thinking, dry mouth, etc.

2. Herbs. Ingredients such as valerian (for muscle relaxation), melatonin for circadian rhythm disorders such as jet lag. Melatonin lowered latent phase of sleep, increasing sleep efficiency, and increase the percentage of REM sleep, chamomile, kava kava and (to reduce anxiety) have been used for the treatment of insomnia.
3. Psychotherapy. Prevention of events "can not sleep" depends on the patient's ability to relax and learn how to sleep in ways that is true. Behavior therapy can cure chronic insomnia and the therapy is effective for all ages, especially in elderly patients.
4. Light therapy. The principle of this therapy is that bright light can reduce drowsiness, and darkness can cause drowsiness.